Wicks are the most crucial and core components of a candle. The candle would be worthless without them, the flame would never burn, and the light would never warm the ambience of your living room. A wick is the core of a candle; it is what makes the candle!
What Are Candle Wicks Used For?
But what exactly does a wick do? A wick is responsible for delivering fuel (wax) to the candle’s flame. It works like a gasoline pump in that the wick sucks the melted wax up into the flame to keep it burning.
Candle wicks are a collection of fibres that have been twisted, braided, or knitted together. The fibres are the candle’s absorbent part; they absorb the melted wax and transport it to the flame via capillary action.
How Do You Select The Best Candle Wick?
Wicks come in hundreds of various shapes, colours, fragrances, materials, and sizes. It is critical to select the correct one for your candle.
Several things influence your candle’s wick selection:
- The kind of wax (fuel)
- The melting point of the wax
- The candle’s dimensions (diameter)
- The candle’s design
- Color and scent components
- Candle kind (pillar, container…)
- The candle’s environmental design
- The perfume oil (type and percentage)
Size Does Matter
Different wick diameters enable varying quantities of wax (the fuel!) to be pulled into the flame. The flame will flare and soot if there is too much wax. However, if there is insufficient fuel, the flame will flicker out.
The appropriate wick is essential for the candle to operate effectively. Your candle will not burn cleanly if it does not have the right wick.
By selecting the proper candle wick, you will be able to:
- Stable flame size
- Medium container temperature
- Little or no flowering (carbon deposits)
- Formalized wax pool with no leaking
- Very little glow when the candle is out
Wicks Of Different Types
Twisted Wicks Vs. Braided Wicks
Braided, plaited, or knitted fibres are used to make high-quality wicks because they promote a steady and constant burn.
Twisted wicks are of lesser quality because they burn faster due to their loose design, allowing fuel to reach the flame more rapidly. These are typically used to hold birthday candles.
Cotton Wicks In Different Types
- Flat-plaited or knitted wicks are typically constructed from three bundles of fibre.
- These wicks burn very evenly and curve in the flame creating a self-trimming look.
- They are frequently seen in taper and pillar candles.
Wicks that are square
- Wicks that have been braided or crocheted curl in the flame.
- They have a more rounded and sturdy shape than flat wicks. When burning, square wicks are meant to have a small bend at the tip.
- They work best when combined with beeswax.
Wicks With Cores
The core material is used in braided or knitted wicks to maintain the wick straight or upright while burning.
Wicks’ most prevalent basic materials are:
Wicks made of ore are used in container candles, pillars, and votives.
Wicks Made Of HTP
- They are more symmetrical in the wax pool and have less carbon heading than cored candle wicks.
- HTP wicks work well in paraffin, soy, and palm waxes.